Sidewinder

Threat Actor Profile Updated a month ago
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The Sidewinder threat actor group, also known as Rattlesnake, BabyElephant, APT Q4, APT Q39, Hardcore Nationalist, HN2, RAZOR Tiger, and GroupA21, is a significant cybersecurity concern with a history of malicious activities dating back to 2012. This report investigates a recent campaign by Sidewinder that involved a sophisticated cyber threat delivered through a malicious Word document with an embedded macro. The attack, which included the Nim backdoor payload, is believed to have targeted Nepalese government officials. The attribution to Sidewinder suggests a South Asian origin and highlights the evolving nature of cyber threats. From January to May 2024, Sidewinder launched hundreds of attacks against high-profile entities in Asia and Africa, using Hajj-related emails as a vector for their attacks. Historically, Sidewinder has primarily targeted governmental and military entities in South Asia, but recent activity shows an expanded range of targets, including sectors such as education, healthcare, ISP, and telecommunications. The group's persistent and evolving nature underscores its position as a serious and enduring cybersecurity threat. This comprehensive analysis aims to raise awareness and preparedness against the multifaceted and dynamic nature of cyber threats orchestrated by the Sidewinder APT group. As a highly skilled and persistent adversary, Sidewinder represents a significant risk to various sectors across Asia. By understanding the threat landscape presented by groups like Sidewinder, cybersecurity professionals, organizations, and individuals can enhance their defenses and proactively mitigate risks posed by these sophisticated threat actors.
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Possible Aliases / Cluster overlaps
It's hard to track cluster overlaps and naming conventions between vendors, so here are some possible overlapping names / profiles you also may want to look at.
IDVotesProfile Description
Rattlesnake
4
Rattlesnake, also known as Sidewinder and various other aliases, is a threat actor group attributed to numerous cyberattacks across the globe. Group-IB linked this entity to a 2020 attack on the Maldivian government and a series of phishing operations targeting organizations in Afghanistan, Bhutan,
Confucius
3
Confucius is a threat actor primarily involved in cyberespionage campaigns, with notable activities against Pakistan since 2013. The group has been linked to the India-Pakistan conflict and has been identified as using novel Android spyware, Hornbill and SunBird, to scrape call logs and WhatsApp mes
Transparent Tribe
3
Transparent Tribe is a threat actor known for conducting malicious campaigns against organizations in South Asia. The group has been linked to the ObliqueRAT malware and CrimsonRAT through its infrastructure, which includes the domains vebhost[.]com, zainhosting[.]net/com, and others. The group has
APT36
3
APT36, also known as Transparent Tribe and Earth Karkaddan, is a notorious threat actor believed to be based in Pakistan. The group has been involved in cyberespionage activities primarily targeting India, with a focus on government, military, defense, aerospace, and education sectors. Their campaig
Rover
3
Rover is a malicious software, also known as malware, that is designed to exploit and damage computer systems or devices. The term "rover" in this context seems unrelated to the various uses of the term in the information provided, such as the Mars Rover program, the Range Rover vehicle, or the Jagu
Rover Backdoor
3
The Rover Backdoor is a type of malware, a harmful software designed to exploit and damage computer systems. This malicious software infiltrates systems through suspicious downloads, emails, or websites, often unbeknownst to the user. Once inside, it can steal personal information, disrupt operation
Babyelephant
2
BabyElephant, a threat actor also known by various aliases including Sidewinder, Rattlesnake, Hardcore Nationalist, HN2, APT Q4, RAZOR Tiger, APT Q39, and GroupA21, is a significant cybersecurity concern due to its persistent and evolving tactics. This entity, which could be a single individual, a p
BITTER
1
Bitter, also known as T-APT-17, is a suspected South Asian threat actor that has been involved in various cyber campaigns. The group has been active since at least August 2021, with its operations primarily targeting government personnel in Bangladesh through spear-phishing emails. The similarities
Groupa21
1
None
Razor Tiger
1
None
Miscellaneous Associations
Other elements of context that could aid in the identification of relevance
Apt
Rat
Phishing
Backdoor
Malware
Kaspersky
State Sponso...
Payload
Remcos
Reconnaissance
Chinese
Telegram
Spyware
Cloudzy
Vulnerability
Cybercrime
Blackberry
Espionage
Iran
Domains
Android
Government
Associated Malware
To see the evidence that has resulted in this association, create a free account
IDTypeVotesProfile Description
ytyUnspecified
2
In late January 2018, ASERT discovered a new modular malware framework known as "yty". This malicious software, designed to exploit and damage computer systems, was found to be associated with the Donot Team, a group known for its use of modular/plugin-based malware frameworks. The yty malware focus
KONNIUnspecified
1
Konni is a malware, short for malicious software, that poses a significant threat to computer systems and data. It's designed to infiltrate systems surreptitiously through suspicious downloads, emails, or websites, often unbeknownst to the user. Once inside a system, Konni can wreak havoc by stealin
Associated Threat Actors
To see the evidence that has resulted in this association, create a free account
IDTypeVotesProfile Description
SideCopyUnspecified
3
SideCopy is a Pakistani threat actor that has been operational since at least 2019, primarily targeting South Asian countries, specifically India and Afghanistan. The Advanced Persistent Threat (APT) group uses lures such as archive files embedded with Lnk, Microsoft Publisher or Trojanized Applicat
T-Apt4Unspecified
2
None
APT10Unspecified
1
APT10, also known as the Menupass Team, is a threat actor believed to operate on behalf of the Chinese Ministry of State Security (MSS). The group has been active since 2009 and is suspected to be based in Tianjin, China, according to research by IntrusionTruth in 2018. APT10 has primarily targeted
SnakeUnspecified
1
Snake, also known as EKANS, is a significant threat actor that has been active since at least 2004, with its activities potentially dating back to the late 1990s. This group, which may have ties to Iran, targets diplomatic and government organizations as well as private businesses across various reg
KimsukyUnspecified
1
Kimsuky is a North Korea-linked advanced persistent threat (APT) group that conducts global cyber-attacks to gather intelligence for the North Korean government. The group has been identified as a significant threat actor, executing actions with malicious intent, and has recently targeted victims vi
APT29Unspecified
1
APT29, also known as Cozy Bear, SVR group, BlueBravo, Nobelium, Midnight Blizzard, and The Dukes, is a threat actor linked to Russia. This group is notorious for its malicious activities in the cybersecurity realm, executing actions with harmful intent. It has been associated with several high-profi
APT33has used
1
APT33, an Iran-linked threat actor, has been identified as a significant cyber threat to the Defense Industrial Base sector. The group is known for its sophisticated and malicious activities, which primarily involve executing actions with harmful intent. APT33, like other threat actors, could be a s
APT34Unspecified
1
APT34, also known as OilRig, EUROPIUM, Hazel Sandstorm, and Crambus among other names, is a threat actor believed to be operating on behalf of the Iranian government. Operational since at least 2014, APT34 has been involved in long-term cyber espionage operations primarily focused on reconnaissance
Lazarus GroupUnspecified
1
The Lazarus Group, a notorious threat actor believed to be linked to North Korea, has been attributed with a series of significant cyber-attacks over the past few years. The group's malicious activities include the exploitation of digital infrastructure, stealing cryptocurrency, and executing large-
TurlaUnspecified
1
Turla, also known as Pensive Ursa, is a sophisticated threat actor linked to Russia that has been active for many years. The group is known for its advanced cyber-espionage capabilities and has been associated with numerous high-profile breaches. According to the MITRE ATT&CK and MITRE Ingenuity dat
OceanLotusUnspecified
1
OceanLotus, also known as APT32, is a threat actor suspected to be linked with Vietnam. It primarily targets foreign companies involved in manufacturing, consumer products, consulting, and hospitality sectors that are investing or planning to invest in Vietnam. The group's recent activities indicate
Evil CorpUnspecified
1
Evil Corp, a threat actor group based in Russia, has been identified as a significant cybercrime entity responsible for the execution of malicious actions. The alleged leader of this group is Maksim Yakubets, who is notably associated with Dridex malware operations. The U.S. Treasury imposed sanctio
PasscvUnspecified
1
PassCV is a threat actor, or hacking team, that has been identified as part of the Chinese intelligence apparatus. This group has operated under various names including Winnti, APT17, Axiom, LEAD, BARIUM, Wicked Panda, and GREF, indicating a broad and complex network of cyber operations. The group i
BluenoroffUnspecified
1
BlueNoroff, a threat actor closely associated with the notorious Lazarus Group, has been actively involved in malicious cyber activities primarily targeting financial institutions and cryptocurrency businesses. Known for its sophisticated attacks on banks, casinos, fintech companies, POST software,
TA505Unspecified
1
TA505, also known as Cl0p Ransomware Gang and Lace Tempest, is a highly active and sophisticated cybercriminal group. The group has been associated with various high-profile cyber-attacks, demonstrating adaptability through a multi-vector approach to their operations. In June 2023, the U.S. Cybersec
FIN12Unspecified
1
FIN12, also known as DEV-0237 and Pistachio Tempest, is a threat actor group notorious for its malicious cyber activities. Tracked by Microsoft, this group is primarily engaged in the distribution of Hive, Conti, and Ryuk ransomware. The group has been responsible for several high-profile ransomware
T-APT-04Unspecified
1
T-APT-04 is a sophisticated and highly skilled threat actor that has been active since at least 2017. This group is believed to be based in China and is known for their advanced cyber espionage campaigns targeting government agencies, military organizations, and political entities in various regions
Associated Vulnerabilities
To see the evidence that has resulted in this association, create a free account
IDTypeVotesProfile Description
Patchwork HangoverUnspecified
1
None
Source Document References
Information about the Sidewinder Threat Actor was read from the documents corpus below. This display is limited to 20 results, create a free account to see more
SourceCreatedAtTitle
DARKReading
a month ago
Governments, Businesses Tighten Cybersecurity Around Hajj Season
Securelist
2 months ago
APT trends report Q1 2024 – Securelist
CERT-EU
7 months ago
From Macro to Payload: Decrypting the Sidewinder Cyber Intrusion Tactics - CYFIRMA
CERT-EU
8 months ago
Army’s Iron Dome batteries on 11-month lease with Israel, which could be extended
CERT-EU
9 months ago
DoNot Team's New Firebird Backdoor Hits Pakistan and Afghanistan
CERT-EU
10 months ago
How Next-Gen Threats Are Taking a Page From APTs
CERT-EU
a year ago
Iranian ISP suspected of aiding cybercriminals and nation-state hackers
InfoSecurity-magazine
a year ago
Cyber-Attacks Targeting Government Agencies Increase 40%
CERT-EU
a year ago
Cloud Providers Becoming Key Players in Ransomware, Halcyon Warns
CERT-EU
a year ago
Kaspersky releases latest report on APT trends for 2023
CERT-EU
a year ago
Iranian Company Cloudzy Accused of Aiding Cybercriminals and Nation-State Hackers
InfoSecurity-magazine
a year ago
APT “Mysterious Elephant” Emerges in Q2 2023, Kaspersky Reports
CERT-EU
a year ago
APT trends report Q2 2023 – GIXtools
Securelist
a year ago
APT trends report Q2 2023
MITRE
a year ago
SideCopy APT: Connecting lures to victims, payloads to infrastructure
MITRE
a year ago
SideWinder APT Targets with futuristic Tactics and Techniques
CERT-EU
a year ago
What was the Chinese spy balloon trying to collect?
CERT-EU
a year ago
Pak Foreign Ministry data allegedly hacked by Indian hackers, claims report | #hacking | #cybersecurity | #infosec | #comptia | #pentest | #hacker - National Cyber Security
InfoSecurity-magazine
a year ago
SideWinder APT Attacks Regional Targets in New Campaign
DARKReading
a year ago
SideWinder APT Spotted Stealing Crypto