Red October

Malware Profile Updated 3 months ago
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Red October is a sophisticated malware, also known by aliases such as Clean Ursa, Inception, Oxygen, and Cloud Atlas. This malicious software has been utilized by an active cyber espionage group since at least 2014, targeting several countries including Russia, Belarus, Azerbaijan, Turkey, and Slovenia. The malware is designed to exploit and damage computer systems, typically infiltrating through suspicious downloads, emails, or websites. Once inside a system, it can steal personal information, disrupt operations, or hold data hostage for ransom. The Red October malware incorporates a variety of tools and techniques to achieve its objectives. One notable feature is the use of object files and Office plugins. In the context of CloudAtlas, these are used to compress logs and decompress the decrypted payload from the command and control (C&C) servers. Conversely, in Red October, a "scheduler" plugin uses this functionality to decompress executable payloads from the C&C servers. These methods enable the malware to maintain persistence on infected systems and facilitate data exfiltration. The name "Red October" might be familiar to some due to its association with popular culture. It shares its name with the best-selling Tom Clancy novel "The Hunt for Red October," which was later adapted into a highly successful film directed by John McTiernan. The movie features a Soviet commander who takes his submarine rogue in the Atlantic Ocean, leading to a high-stakes geopolitical thriller. However, the malware and the movie/novel share only a name and should not be confused with each other.
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Possible Aliases / Cluster overlaps
It's hard to track cluster overlaps and naming conventions between vendors, so here are some possible overlapping names / profiles you also may want to look at.
IDVotesProfile Description
Cloud Atlas
1
Cloud Atlas, a sophisticated threat actor group, has been actively involved in cyber-espionage activities against various nations, primarily targeting Russia and former Soviet Union countries such as Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Azerbaijan. This group employs advanced techniques to evade detection and e
Clean Ursa
1
None
Miscellaneous Associations
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Agent.btzUnspecified
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Agent.btz, also known as ComRAT v4, is a remote access trojan (RAT) developed using C++ and employing a virtual FAT16 file system. This malicious software was one of the earliest backdoors used by Pensive Ursa, a cyber-espionage group. Notably, the malware is frequently used to exfiltrate sensitive
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Associated Threat Actors
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TurlaUnspecified
1
Turla, also known as Pensive Ursa, is a sophisticated threat actor linked to Russia that has been active for many years. The group is known for its advanced cyber-espionage capabilities and has been associated with numerous high-profile breaches. According to the MITRE ATT&CK and MITRE Ingenuity dat
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Source Document References
Information about the Red October Malware was read from the documents corpus below. This display is limited to 20 results, create a free account to see more
SourceCreatedAtTitle
CERT-EU
6 months ago
The 23 best '90s movies on Max for a totally rad night in
CERT-EU
6 months ago
Cloud Atlas Phishing Attacks: Russian Companies Beware
MITRE
a year ago
Cloud Atlas: RedOctober APT is back in style
CERT-EU
7 months ago
Cloud Atlas' Spear-Phishing Attacks Target Russian Agro and Research Companies