Threat Actor Profile Updated 3 months ago
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Nodaria (UAC-0056), a Russia-sponsored threat actor, has been active since at least March 2021, primarily targeting Ukraine but also known to have targeted entities in Kyrgyzstan and Georgia. Initially relatively unknown, Nodaria's activities escalated significantly following the Russian invasion of Ukraine, leading to its recognition as a key player in Russia's ongoing cyber campaigns against Ukraine. The group first gained significant attention in January 2022 when Ukraine’s Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT-UA) highlighted their use of SaintBot and OutSteel malware in spear-phishing attacks targeting government entities. From October 2022 into 2023, Nodaria deployed a new information-stealing malware, dubbed Graphiron, against targets in Ukraine. This sophisticated malware, attributed to Nodaria by Broadcom-owned Symantec, demonstrated advanced information gathering capabilities and multiple evasion techniques. CERT-UA noted that Nodaria had breached multiple Ukrainian government websites using backdoors placed as far back as December 2021. With the deployment of Graphiron, Nodaria joined another Russian state-sponsored group, Gamaredon, in extensively singling out Ukraine for cyberattacks. Their tactics include compromising websites, typosquatting, malicious redirecting through pseudo-short URL domains, AdSense fraud via Google AdSense, and using DDoS-Guard and WordPress. The high-level activity of Nodaria over the past year suggests an escalating trend in cyber espionage operations linked to geopolitical tensions.
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Possible Aliases / Cluster overlaps
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Associated Malware
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WhisperGate is a type of malware, specifically a wiper, that was used extensively in cyberattacks against Ukrainian organizations throughout 2022. It was one of several malicious software tools deployed by Russian Advanced Persistent Threat (APT) actors, alongside others such as AwfulShred, CaddyWip
OutSteel is a type of malware, specifically a document stealer and file uploader, developed using the scripting language AutoIT. It was first highlighted by CERT-UA in January 2022 for its use in spear-phishing attacks against government entities, alongside another malware known as SaintBot. These m
Associated Threat Actors
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Gamaredon, a Russian Advanced Persistent Threat (APT) group, has been actively tracked since 2013 and is recognized as a significant threat actor in the cybersecurity landscape. Its primary target is Ukraine, against which it deploys an array of home-brewed malware through malicious documents. The E
Associated Vulnerabilities
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Source Document References
Information about the Nodaria Threat Actor was read from the documents corpus below. This display is limited to 20 results, create a free account to see more
8 months ago
Connect the Dots on State-Sponsored Cyber Incidents - Targeting of Ukrainian government websites using two-year-old backdoors
a year ago
13th February – Threat Intelligence Report - Check Point Research
a year ago
Cyber security week in review: February, 10
a year ago
Anomali Cyber Watch: Hospital Ransoms Pay for Attacks on Defense, Nodaria Got Upgraded Go-Based Infostealer, TA866 Moved Screenshot Functionality to Standalone Tool
a year ago
Russian Hackers Using Graphiron Malware to Steal Data from Ukraine
a year ago
New Graphiron info-stealer used in attacks against Ukraine
a year ago
New Info-Stealer Discovered as Russia Prepares Fresh Offensive