Deuterbear

Malware Profile Updated 13 days ago
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Deuterbear is an advanced malware variant, introduced by Earth Hundun, a cyber threat actor. It represents the latest evolution of the Waterbear downloader, with telemetry indicating its activity since 2022. Despite existing solutions, Deuterbear's sophisticated infection methods and anti-analysis mechanisms have made it a formidable challenge to cybersecurity efforts. The malware primarily targets the Asia-Pacific region, infiltrating systems undetected through suspicious downloads, emails, or websites, and then causing significant disruption by stealing personal information or holding data for ransom. The Deuterbear downloader operates by executing the desired function in new virtual memory, unlike previous malware that used the local address storing all encrypted function blocks. This enhancement in its execution method complicates the process of analyzing and mitigating the malware. Furthermore, Deuterbear employs HTTPS encryption for network traffic protection, making its detection even more challenging. It also implements updates in malware execution, such as altering function decryption, checking for debuggers or sandboxes, and modifying traffic protocols to evade detection. Significant differences exist between Deuterbear and its predecessor, the Waterbear downloader. One notable distinction is the format of the received Deuterbear Remote Access Trojan (RAT). Unlike the original Waterbear downloader that loads the PE file for the next-stage RAT, Deuterbear's RAT is in a shellcode format. This change in format further enhances its stealth and evasion capabilities, presenting an ongoing challenge to organizational defense efforts.
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Trend Micro
a month ago
Cyberespionage Group Earth Hundun's Continuous Refinement of Waterbear and Deuterbear